home Air Quality, Animals and Microbiomes of the Built Environment, Microbes in Space, Water Systems New papers on Microbiology of the Built Environment, June 3, 2017

New papers on Microbiology of the Built Environment, June 3, 2017

Microbes indoors

DNA metabarcoding to assess indoor fungal communities: Electrostatic dust collectors and Illumina sequencing – Steffi Rocchi – Journal of Microbiological Methods ($39.95)

Our study aimed to evaluate metabarcoding and bioinformatic analysis resulting from calibrated samples and samples collected by an electrostatic dust collector (EDC) in dwellings with no moisture problems. Thus, the fungal communities of 14 dwellings (eastern France, Franche-Comté region) were analyzed by Illumina MiSeq technology after amplification of the ITS2 region.

Growth of indoor fungi on gypsum – Frank J.J. Segers – Journal of Applied Microbiology ($6 to rent, $38 to own)

To have a better understanding of fungal growth on gypsum building materials to prevent indoor fungal growth. (…) Indoor fungal growth is a potential threat to human health and causes damage to building materials. This study possibly helps in the application of the right type of gypsum in buildings.

Potentially harmful secondary metabolites produced by indoor Chaetomium species on artificially and naturally contaminated building materials – I. Došen – Indoor Air (OA)

The presence of the fungal genus Chaetomium and its secondary metabolites in indoor environments is suspected to have a negative impact on human health and well-being. About 200 metabolites have been currently described from Chaetomium spp., but only the bioactive compound group, chaetoglobosins, have been screened for and thus detected in buildings. In this study, we used a liquid chromatography high-resolution mass spectrometry approach to screen both artificially and naturally infected building materials for all the Chaetomium metabolites described in the literature.

Microbiota and Particulate Matter Assessment in Portuguese Optical Shops Providing Contact Lens Services – Carla Viegas et al – Healthcare (OA)

The aim of this work was to assess the microbiota (fungi and bacteria) and particulate matter in optical shops, contributing to a specific protocol to ensure a proper assessment. Air samples were collected through an impaction method. Surface and equipment swab samples were also collected side-by-side. (…) The bacteria air load was above the threshold in one of the 13 analysed shops. However, bacterial counts were detected in all sampled equipment.

Actual measurement, hygrothermal response experiment and growth prediction analysis of microbial contamination of central air conditioning system in Dalian, China – Yang Lv – Scientific Reports (OA)

The microbial contamination of central air conditioning system is one of the important factors that affect the indoor air quality. Actual measurement and analysis were carried out on microbial contamination in central air conditioning system at a venue in Dalian, China. (…) Results showed that the predominant fungus in air conditioning unit A and B were Candida spp. and Cladosporium spp., and two fungus were further used in the hygrothermal response experiment.

PhD thesis: Characterization of Microbial Contaminants Associated with Floor Material Types – Mridula Gupta  – Ohio State University (OA)

The primary goal of this dissertation was to compare the various floor materials and their potential contribution to fate of environmental microbial contaminants. To achieve this goal, studies were designed to determine: a) the most efficient surface sampling method to estimate microbiological composition; b) Survivability of S. aureus and spores of A. niger on five common floor materials; c) Survivability of soil microbes on two common floor materials. and d) Bacterial microbiome analysis of floor samples in three buildings.

An assessment of the potential fungal bioaerosol production from an active living wall – P.J. Irga – Building and Environment ($35.95)

We conclude that active biofilters are unlikely to make hazardous contributions to indoor fungi; however, further work that documents the bioaerosol generation rate with variations in temperature, airflow, plant varieties, planting densities, maintenance schedule, age of plants, plant growth substrates and substrate moisture content need further elucidation.

Metabolites of Trichoderma species isolated from damp building materials – David R. McMullin – Canadian Journal of Microbiology ($30)

Buildings that have been flooded often have high concentrations of Trichoderma spores in the air while drying. Inhaled spores, spore and mycelial fragments contain large amounts of fungal glucan and natural products that contribute to the symptoms associated with indoor mold exposures. In this study, we considered both small molecules and peptaibol profiles of T. atroviride, T. koningiopsis, T. citrinoviride and T. harzianum strains obtained from damp buildings in Eastern Canada.

Indoor fungal diversity in primary schools may differently influence allergic sensitization and asthma in children – João Cavaleiro Rufo – Pediatric Allergy and Immunology ($6 to rent, $38 to own)

(…) Therefore, we aimed to assess how the prevalence of allergic sensitization and asthma in schoolchildren is affected by microbiologic exposure within classrooms. (…) Although no causal relationships could be established, exposure to higher fungal diversity was protective against allergic sensitization but this was not seen for asthma. In contrast, higher exposure to Gram-negative endotoxins and Penicillium spp in primary school′s classrooms was associated with increasing odds of allergic sensitization in children.

Microbes in hospitals

Bacterial colonization and succession in a newly opened hospital – Simon Lax – Science Translational Medicine (not OA)

To develop a community-level understanding of how microorganisms colonize and move through the hospital environment, we characterized the bacterial dynamics among hospital surfaces, patients, and staff over the course of 1 year as a new hospital became operational. The bacteria in patient rooms, particularly on bedrails, consistently resembled the skin microbiota of the patient occupying the room. Bacterial communities on patients and room surfaces became increasingly similar over the course of a patient’s stay.

Building conditions and the risk of nosocomial infection from microbial contamination of hospital appliances in a health care facility – Abiola O. Oluwagbemiga – International Journal of Environmental Health Research ($50 for 24h)

Nosocomial infections (NIs) remain a global health burden with higher incidence in Africa. We assessed building conditions and risk of NIs from microbial contamination of appliances and surfaces in a Specialist hospital in Southwest Nigeria. The study sampled 120 surfaces in 12 wards during normal occupational activities. Moulds on ceilings and dusty surfaces were observed in the wards.

Visiting hours impact on indoor to outdoor ratio of fungi concentration at Golestan University Hospital in Ahvaz, Iran – Gholamreza Goudarzi – Environment and Pollution (OA)

The aim of this study was to determine the ratio of indoor to outdoor fungi concentration, the effect of population and people density on fungi concentration and the relationship between indoor and outdoor environment. (…) Following the visit of the visitors, the concentration of fungi available indoor was conspicuously higher (even in the wards in which no visitors were allowed; e.g. ICU, etc). Hence the amount of indoor fungi was affected by the concentration of outdoor fungi and visitors crowd.

Antibiotic resistant airborne bacteria and their multidrug resistance pattern at University teaching referral Hospital in South Ethiopia – Fithamlak Bisetegen Solomon – Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials (OA)

A cross-sectional study was conducted at Wolaita Sodo university teaching and referral Hospital. Indoor air samples were collected by using passive air sampling method. (…) Indoor environment of the hospital was contaminated with airborne microbiotas, which are common cause of post-surgical site infection in the study area. Bacterial isolates were highly resistant to commonly used antibiotics with high multi-drug resistance percentage.

 

Microbes in Airplanes and Space

Evaluation of airborne disease infection risks in an airliner cabin using the Lagrangian-based Wells-Riley approach – Yihuan Yan – Building and Environment ($35.95)

An urgent demand of assessing passengers’ exposure risks in airliner cabins was raised as commercial airliners are one of the major media that carrying and transmitting infectious disease worldwide. In this study, simulations were conducted using a Boeing 737 cabin model to study the transport characteristics of airborne droplets and the associated infection risks of passengers. (…) Particles released by passengers sitting next to the windows could travel much further than the others.

Not sure what to think of this – might be contamination? Traces of Barents Sea plankton, bacteria from Madagascar found on ISS surface (OA)

Russian scientists will suggest raising the hypthetical upper border of biosphere to 400 kilometers following the discovery of various microorganisms, including Barents Sea plankton and bacteria from Madagascar, in swabs taken from the surface of the International Space Station (ISS). As part of the “Test” experiment, Russian cosmonauts took a total of 19 swabs from the outer cover of the ISS between 2010 and 2016.

 

Microbes and plumbing

Impact of water heater temperature setting and water use frequency on the building plumbing microbiome – Pan Ji – ISME Journal (OA)

Hot water plumbing is an important conduit of microbes into the indoor environment and can increase risk of opportunistic pathogens (for example, Legionella pneumophila). We examined the combined effects of water heater temperature, pipe orientation, and water use frequency on the microbial composition at the tap using a pilot-scale pipe rig.

Longitudinal and Source-to-Tap New Orleans, LA, U.S.A. Drinking Water Microbiology – Natalie M. Hull – Environmental Science & Technology ($40 for 48h)

The two municipal drinking water systems of New Orleans, LA, U.S.A. were sampled to compare the microbiology of independent systems that treat the same surface water from the Mississippi River. To better understand temporal trends and sources of microbiology delivered to taps, these treatment plants and distribution systems were subjected to source-to-tap sampling over four years.

Variation of microbial communities and functional genes during the biofilm formation in raw water distribution systems and associated effects on the transformation of nitrogen pollutants – Wei Chen – Environmental Science and Pollution Research ($39.95)

This study aimed to investigate the variation of microbial communities and functional genes during the biofilm formation in raw water distribution systems without prechlorination and associated effects on the transformation of nitrogen pollutants by using a designed model pipe system. The results showed the transformation of nitrogen pollutants was obvious during the biofilm formation.

Assessment of airborne bacteria and noroviruses in air emission from a new highly-advanced hospital wastewater treatment plant – K. Uhrbrand – Water Research ($35.95)

Exposure to bioaerosols can pose a health risk to workers at wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and to habitants of their surroundings. The main objective of this study was to examine the presence of harmful microorganisms in the air emission from a new type of hospital WWTP employing advanced wastewater treatment technologies.

Microbes and oil spills

Biotechnologies for Marine Oil Spill Cleanup: Indissoluble Ties with Microorganisms – Francesca Mapelli- Trends in Biotechnology ($35.95)

In this review, we summarize recent findings about microbial physiology, metabolism and ecology and describe how microbes can be exploited to create improved biotechnological solutions to clean up marine surface and deep waters, sediments and beaches.

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