Recent Built Environment Microbiology papers

Some recent scientific papers and popular science articles that I already included on my daily MicrobiomeDigest blog, but that I would like to share here as well. 

Feasibility study involving the search for natural strains of microorganisms capable of degrading graffiti from heritage materials – Patricia Sanmartín – International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation

A total of 54 different strains were obtained from various sources, recent and old graffiti, the bodywork of a car in a scrapyard and the soil beneath it, an acrylic wall painting and the interior of spray paint cans

Characterization of the relative importance of human- and infrastructure-associated bacteria in grey water: a case study – S.P. Keely – Journal of Applied Microbiology

The aim of this study was to characterize the bacterial composition from (i) various points throughout a grey water recycling system that collects shower and sink handwash water into an equalization tank prior to treatment and (ii) laundry water effluent of a commercial-scale washer.

Distribution and population structure characteristics of microorganisms in urban sewage system – Yanchen Liu – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

The study aims to investigate the microbial communities spatial distribution inside manholes and sewage pipes by using the massive parallel 454 pyrosequencing combined with denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis of V1—V3 regions of 16S rRNA.

Effects of Source- versus Household Contamination of Tubewell Water on Child Diarrhea in Rural Bangladesh: A Randomized Controlled Trial – Ayse Ercumen – PLOS ONE

We randomly assigned 1800 households with a child aged 6-18 months (index child) into one of three arms: chlorine plus safe storage, safe storage and control. We followed households with monthly visits for one year to promote the interventions, track their uptake, test participants’ source and stored water for fecal contamination, and record caregiver-reported child diarrhea prevalence (primary outcome).

Self-healing bio-concrete uses bacteria to repair itself – Anthony Cuthbertson – International Business Times

Microbiologists at Delft University of Technology (TU Delft) in the Netherlands embedded calcite-precipitating bacteria into a concrete mixture to give it self-healing properties under the right conditions.

How Germs Might Shape the Future of Architecture – Vicky Gan – City Lab

The study of indoor microbiology isn’t new, says UC Davis biologist Jonathan Eisen, but it is moving faster than ever thanks to recent advances in DNA sequencing technology.

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Elisabeth Bik

After receiving my PhD at Utrecht University in The Netherlands, I worked at the Dutch National Institute for Health and the St. Antonius Hospital in Nieuwegein. In 2001, I joined the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at Stanford, where I have worked on the characterization of the human microbiome in thousands of oral, gastric, and intestinal samples. I currently study the microbiome of marine mammals. When I am not in the lab, I can be found working on my blog Microbiome Digest , an almost daily compilation of scientific papers in the rapidly growing microbiome field, or on Twitter at @MicrobiomDigest.